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Missouri Marijuana Laws of 2020

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Missouri Marijuana Laws of 2020

Under Missouri marijuana laws, recreational pot remains to be illegal. However, possession of up to 10 grams of pot has been decriminalized. This state has legalized both CBD products and medical marijuana for qualifying patients. Medical marijuana use is legalized for the residents who apply for it.

Missouri Weed Laws Have Not Legalized Recreational Use Yet

Missouri marijuana laws dictate that recreational marijuana remains illegal in this restrictive state. However, in 2014 lawmakers of Missouri enacted Senate Bill 491 which reduced the penalties for possession of marijuana. 

Prior to the passing of SB 491, possessing marijuana was considered a criminal misdemeanor. This means that Missourians in possession of 35 grams or less of cannabis would have faced not only imprisonment of up to a year, but also a hefty fine of up to $1,000. 

When SB 491 took effect on January 1st, 2017 it lead to multiple changes across Missouri’s criminal code. SB 491 stated that Missourians in possession of up to 10 grams of cannabis would face no incarceration if they were a first time offender. However, first-time offenders would face a fine of up to $500. Unfortunately, those who possessed greater than 10 grams of cannabis, but less than 35 grams of cannabis could face both a fine maxing at $2,000 and incarceration of up to 1 year.

Missouri Medical Weed Is Legal Only

medical marijuana Missouri laws

In the state of Missouri, recreational cannabis has been decriminalized. On the other hand, Medical marijuana remains to be legal. The state has licensed 192 dispensaries to open as of 2020 and expects sales to increase. 

What it Means to Decriminalize  Recreational Marijuana

Understanding the difference between decriminalization and legalization is crucial when it comes to Missouri marijuana laws.

To decriminalize cannabis would mean that under state law, a person in possession of a specified amount of pot, would not be prosecuted for possessing pot. In the case of Missouri cannabis laws, this means that a person possessing pot, 10 grams or less, would simply face a fine as the drug is still classed as illegal. 

Decriminalization can come in many forms. For example in Orlando, Florida recreational marijuana is decriminalized. In Orlando specifically, those who possess pot, 20 grams or less, could simply be cited with a fine of $100. On the other hand, repeat offenders could face a hefty fine of $500 and court time. 

Legalization, on the other hand, simply means that every legal prohibition against cannabis would be removed. In states which have legalized marijuana, you would see laws defined as adult-use marijuana laws. Take, for example, Maine marijuana laws dictate that those above 21 years of age can possess, use, consume, and cultivate.

Breaking Missouri Weed Laws!

Breaking Missouri pot laws can result in some severe penalties and jail time. Here we have summarized the consequences of breaking a few Missouri pot laws.

  • Possession: Possessing pot that’s less than 35 grams, but over the 10-gram limit is punishable by jail time of up to 1 year and a fine of p to $2,000.
  • Possession greater than 35 grams: Anything between 35 grams to 30 kg is punishable by up to 7 years in prison and a hefty fine of up $10,000.
  • Selling cannabis: Selling cannabis, 35 grams or less, is a class E felony. Break this law and you could receive a fine of up to $10,000 including jail time of up to 4 years.
  • Trafficking cannabis: Travelling/Bringing cannabis, 30 to 100kg, into the state will result in a fine of up to $10,000 and a jail time sentence between 3-10 years.

Missouri Medical Marijuana Laws

Under Missouri pot laws, cannabis is indeed legal for patients who intend on using it for medical purposes. The law that allows for medical marijuana use is referred to as Amendment 2 and it came into action on December of 2018. Here are the main points, you need to know about Missouri medical marijuana laws.

Firstly, the Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services must deem you as a qualifying patient. These are patients who have one or more of the following medical conditions:

  • Cancer 
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma 
  • HIV or AIDs
  • Psychiatric disorders that are considered debilitating. Example,  PTSD and/or severe anxiety disorders.
  • Chronic pain
  • Migraines 
  • Any chronic condition that results in severe and persistent pain. These can include but are not limited to, seizures, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. 
  • Terminal illnesses: Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Crohn’s disease, and ALS. 

If you believe you have a qualifying condition, you’ll then have to schedule an appointment with a state-licensed physician. Missouri does have a list of doctors who assess patients interested in medical marijuana. Upon completion of an intake form and doctor’s appointment, you would receive a certificate from the doctor indicating your need for medical cannabis.

The certificate of recommendation by the doctor and the annual registration form must be submitted, with a fee of $25,  to the Department of Health and Senior Services. Upon processing and approval, you will receive a medical marijuana identification card. The identification card is your gold pass when it comes to obtaining cannabis for medical use.

Missouri Cannabis Laws: Medical Pot Regulations

Now that you have obtained a medical marijuana card, here are some important Missouri marijuana laws facts you’ll need to familiarize yourself with:

  • Possession: Patients can only possess up to 4 ounces of cannabis per 30 days.4 ounces weed limit cannabis Missouri law
  • Caregivers: Caregivers are people who are designated to manage and assist those who require medical marijuana. 
  • Cultivation: Patients can grow their own marijuana as well! However, to do so, you’ll need to get a cultivation identification card. The fee for cultivation cards is $100.
  • Cultivation limit: Those who obtain a cultivation card can grow up to 6 flowering plants. Missouri-medical-weed-laws

Medical Marijuana Missouri: Medicaid Expansion 2020

Issued by the Missouri Secretary of State in May of 2020. The initiative is known as Medicaid Expansion Initiative, and it will appear on the ballot in August of 2020. This Medicaid Expansion Initiative would make changes to Amendment 2 in the following ways:

  • Between the ages of 19 and 65 and an income below the 133% federal poverty level. The Medicaid Expansion Initiative would expand to help those below or at the federal poverty line.
  • The initiative would prevent any additional restrictions for those included in the expanded populations.
  • The initiative makes it a requirement for the state of Missouri to seek federal funding (at its max) of the Medicaid Expansion.

Marijuana has been decriminalized. But, recreational weed still remains illegal. Medical cannabis is indeed legal, however, you will require a medical marijuana ID card to qualify for protection under the law. For those interested in CBD oil only the state has passed a law that legalizes medical CBD. The limit for patients requiring medical CBD is 20 fluid ounces.

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